Legislative Branch Rules Everything Around Essay
The Branches of Government
It all goes back to the framers of the Constitution, who are the Founding Fathers. They wanted to form a government that did not allow one person or group to have too much control and authority. The Articles of Confederation was created and taught them that there was no need to have a centralized government. The Framers wrote the Constitution to provide Separation of Powers. It each has its own responsibilities of its own yet at the same time, they work together to make the country better and run smoothly. In lots of different ways they all need each other. It assures the rights of citizens so they are not ignored or disallowed. Overtime, times have changed and they aren’t a fair and equal government. This is completed through checks and balances. This system was built so that no one branch of our government could become too powerful. ‘Checks and balances’ prevent tyrannous attention of power in any branch and to protect the rights and liberties of citizens. Each branch uses its powers to check the powers of the other branches in order to uphold an equal balance of power among the three branches of government. The three branches are the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial.
In spite of this, the Legislative Branch has the most power of all the other two branches of government.
In the Constitution, Article I establishes the legislative making branch of government in the formation of a bicameral Congress. This system provides checks and balances. After much debate with this, The Founding Fathers agreed on the creation of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The main task of these two bodies is to create the laws. Its powers include passing laws, originating spent bills (House), impeaching officials (Senate), and approving treaties (Senate). The legislative branch basically provides assistance and supports services for the Congress. There are agencies such as Liberty of Congress, Congressional Budget Office, Government Printing Office, and are examples of support services for the Congress. Delegates to the Constitutional Convention from larger and more populated states wanted congressional depiction to be based upon population. Afraid of power, delegates from minor states wanted equal representation. The Great Compromise resulted in creation of the two houses, with representation based on population in one and with equal representation in the other. Now members of Congress are elected by a straight vote of the people of the state they represent. The Senate was sighted as representative of state governments, not of the people. It was the responsibility of Senators to make certain that their state was treated equally in laws. The president also needs their approval on bills to raise money and all laws must pass before going to the president. Some of the powers they have are: to declare war, raise and support armies, regulate commerce, and more. One’s they did not have are: cannot suspend Habeas Corpus, cannot...
Loading: Checking Spelling0%
The Constitution Essay1003 words - 4 pages The preamble introduces the constitution. It states that the government comes from the people. Its general purposes are in order to form a more perfect union we have to “Establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.” (Remy, United States Government, McGraw Hill companies, Ohio, 2002) Its purpose is to make a good...
Separation of Power Essay833 words - 3 pages Merriam-Webster defines power as the, “ability to act or produce an effect.” The legislative, judicial, and executive branches of the United States government maintain a delicate balance of power as they make, interpret, and enforce laws. In the first three articles of the Constitution, the framers did their best to ensure that power would be separated to the extent where no single branch of government could claim superiority over another and...
Separation of Powers in the US Government1014 words - 4 pages The separation of power throughout the united states government prevents one part of the government from becoming so strong that it can infringe on the freedom of the governed (Bernstein 24). The united states government is a representative republic. A representative republic is a type of democracy where the people elect representatives to vote for them in the nations matters, rather than having every person vote on every single election and...
Three Branches: The Impact on Law Enforcement1250 words - 5 pages September 17, 1787, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; during the heat of summer, in a stuffy assembly room of Independence Hall, a group of delegates gathered. After four months of closed-door quorums, a four page, hand written document was signed by thirty-nine attendees of the Constitutional Convention. This document, has come to be considered, by many, the framework to the greatest form of government every known; the Constitution of the United...
American National Govenment758 words - 3 pages Separation of powers is defined in our textbook as, “Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive branch applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law. More simply explained, separation of powers is a concept the framers of the constitution developed to divide specific governmental powers among the three branches of the...
Checks and Balances in the 21st Century949 words - 4 pages Checks and Balances PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 5 AbstractIn 1791 our founding fathers met to draft a constitution that would be fair and protect the rights of all citizens. They created an almost perfect system which included three branches, the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The government was divided into these three branches to separate powers. To guarantee that no branch would have more power then the...
political Systems: Name three politcal systems around the world and compare and contrast them. Give examples(i.e. countries)2247 words - 9 pages Political SystemsThere is a multitude of political systems in the world ranging from free democracies to authoritarian regimes. Of these, however, three in particular stand out. These are the presidential system of countries such as the United States, Mexico and select other Latin American countries; the parliamentary system of countries such as
How a Bill Becomes Law1248 words - 5 pages It seems the Founders wanted to make the passage of legislation difficult. The Constitution settles how bills become law in the United States. The procedure is operose and can take significant time to complete. The course materials of week three offer more than enough information on how the procedure works. This essay will, mainly, use the course materials to describe the process of how a bill becomes a law. The process of transforming a...
Enlightenment Influences on American Ideals1351 words - 5 pages By the late eighteenth century, the Enlightenment, or the Age of Reason as it was called had begun to rapidly spread across Europe. People began believing in the ideals of popular government, the centrality of economics to politics, secularism, and progress. This cultural movement was sparked by intellectuals and commonwealth thinkers such as the influential writer John Locke and the famous scientist Isaac Newton, both who emphasized the fact...
How President influence policy783 words - 3 pages The presidential power has greatly expanded since the creation of the Constitution. The Founders broke the government into threes branches in hopes that "ambition would counteract ambition." Recently President Obama had stated, "America does not stand still- and neither will I. So wherever and whenever I can...
Who's the Boss?848 words - 3 pages What does the word union mean to you? My thoughts wonder to workers, disgruntled employees, and strikes. What if you read the word union with others such as order, justice, tranquility, welfare, blessing of liberty and posterity? These words are the roots of the Constitution that not only inspire patriotism but also a guideline for a balanced government. Our forefathers wanted a central government that was strong enough to run the United...
Legislate - to make law
Legislature - A body of lawmakers (Congress, Assembly, etc.)
Legislator - An individual lawmaker
When our system of government was created the fears that our founding fathers had about tyranny still existed. To prevent the abuse of power several systems were created. Federalism was created to ensure that state governments could exercise local control and Separation of Powers was created to further divide the power of the national government. Separation of Powers has within it a system of checks and balances. These checks and balances set one branch of government against the other to ensure a healthy competition. This competition safeguards against one branch gaining too much power.
Internally, the legislative branch has its own way of balancing power. The legislative branch, as you know is broken up into two parts or houses. This is known as a bicameral legislature. Each of the houses of Congress has its differences and there are something they must do together as well. See the charts below as a guide:
Must both pass a bill in order for it to become a law.
Must both vote to override a presidential veto with a 2/3 vote in order to override.
Must both vote to propose and amendment by a 2/3 vote.
STEP ONE - An idea is developed
Ideas can be generated by a variety of sources.
- Individual citizens and citizens groups may pressure members of government to take an action.
- Members of local government may request that members of a higher level of government take action.
- Interest Groups (organized groups of citizens that share a common political goal) may pressure Congress.
- PAC's (Political Action Committees) may apply pressure. A PAC is like an interest group.
- All of these groups may hire "lobbyists" to plead their case. A lobbyist is a professional who goes and speaks to congressmen to get something done.
STEP TWO - The legislation gets "sponsored" and introduced.
- A congressmen, or several, must be interested enough in the idea to write it up and officially send it to the House or Senate with their name on it. This is called "sponsoring" the bill.
- When the send the bill to the floor of the house or Senate this is known as being "introduced."
STEP THREE - The bill is assigned to a committee
- The Speaker of the House or Majority Leader of the Senate assign the bill to an appropriate committee.
- The committee debate the bill and holds "hearings."
- The committee votes on the bill and either give it a favorable recommendation or an unfavorable recommendation.
STEP FOUR - The bill must get voted on and pass the House or Senate (wherever it started) with a majority vote.
STEP FIVE - The bill goes to the other chamber and repeats the process. THE BILL MUST PASS BOTH HOUSES!
- If the bill started in the House it then must pass the same system in the Senate.
- If the bill started in the Senate it then must pass the same system in the House.
- Sometimes a bill does go through both at the same time.
STEP SIX - Differences in the bills passed in both houses must be worked out at "Conference Committee."
- Conference Committee are the leading members of the House and Senate from both Political Parties.
STEP SEVEN - The bill goes before the President.
- The President may sign the bill. It then become a law.
- The President may veto the bill. It then may be overridden with 2/3 vote of the House and Senate.
- If the President lets the bill sit on his desk for ten days without taking any action and Congress is still in session the bill automatically passes (pocket pass).
- If the President lets the bill sit on his desk for ten days without taking any action and Congress ends their session before ten days are up the bill automatically fails (pocket veto).
Back To Class Notes