Athens vs. Sparta Essay
1193 Words5 Pages
Athens vs. Sparta
During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively. The focus of the times was directed towards military capabilities, while the Athenians were more interested in comfort and culture. It was the oligarchy in Sparta that put a war-like attitude as its first priority and best met the needs of Ancient Greece. These factors empowered Sparta and led to the development of an authoritative and potent state. Other contrasting issues included women’s rights, social classes, and value of human life. Four rulers, Draco, Solon, Pisistratus, and Cleithenes, greatly…show more content…
The government in Sparta followed a very different coarse than that of the Athenians. It was controlled by an oligarchy in which the power was held by a group of five men called ephors. Working below the ephors was the Council of Elders and an Assembly. Male citizens over age sixty could serve on the Council while anyone, male or female, over the age of twenty could be a member of the Assembly. Though the citizens had little say in the decisions made by the government, the system worked effectively. Over the years, the Spartan's brutal reputation in war grew so great that other nations and city-states were too frightened to attack Sparta even though the Spartan army was no larger then eight thousand men. The Spartan Constitution called for all men to begin their military education at the age of seven, where they were trained to be tough and self-sufficient. Every man in the army fought with a great deal of passion for his country. Life in Sparta may have been rough, but the rest of the Greeks envied the Spartans for their simplicity, straight forwardness, and fanatical dedication. The beliefs of Sparta were oriented around the state. The individual lived and died for the state. The combination of this philosophy, the education of Spartan males, and the discipline of their army gave the Spartans the stability needed to survive in Ancient Greece. The Athenian economy depended on foreign trade and
Differences Between Athens And Sparta Essay
Differences between Athens and Sparta
Athens and Sparta are two city-states in ancient Greece. Athens had a busy port, ships passed the land. At the agora, you could hear people arguing and chatting, you can also see people with their slaves walking around and shopping, there were sculptors sculpting with great pleasure. A typical day in Athens was just going to the agora with your slave and shopping and going to the hill for the assembly, going to a meeting if you were in the council of 500. For women a typical day was managing your household and teaching your children. Slaves did their jobs everyday and some even helped other children of Athens. People in Sparta were isolated from other people because they were afraid to trust other city-states. Sparta was mainly a military state so the majority of men stayed away from their families in the barracks, which left their women at home to take care of themselves. Athens provided the best life for its people.
One reason Athens provided a better life for its people is there belief in a good education and jobs for the people. To be a good citizen in Athens you had to have a sharp mind and a healthy body, so education meant physical training as well as book learning. Athens teachers taught their students reading, writing, arithmetic, and literature. Books were very rare and super expensive, subjects that involved reading were read out loud and had to be memorized. To help them learn, they used writing tablets. Coaches taught sports such as wrestling and gymnastics to strengthen student's muscles. Boys also studied music. They learned to sing and play the lyre. After finishing school at the age of 18, Athenian men began their military training. In Sparta, they believed education was to produce people to protect their city-state. It was very important to become a brave solider more than learning to read and write. At age 7, all Spartan children were trained to fight, if you showed fear in you face your could get punished.
Another reason Athens provided a better life is because they had democracy on their...
Loading: Checking Spelling0%