If you've been tasked with writing an argumentative essay, you're in the right place. This how to guide will show you what such an essay looks like, how they're planned and written, and some examples to give you an idea of how they look. Read on to find out more.
Table Of Contents
- What is Argumentative Essay?
- Argumentative Essay Structure
- How to Write Argumentative Essay
- Argumentative Essay Topics
- Argumentative Essay Examples
What is Argumentative Essay?
An argumentative essay is quite similar to a persuasive essay, as it's designed to convince the reader of your point of view. The difference is while a persuasive essay may have a certain viewpoint, the argumentative essay will expand on it. For example, a persuasive essay will say that cities should take up more recycling programs. An argumentative essay will say why a certain city should do so, and give examples of how they could do so.
Argumentative Essay Structure
If you've been asked to argue for a certain point of view, you'll need to explore your reasons for supporting it, as well as refuting the claims against it. Here's how you could outline your essay:
- Introduction: Introduce your point of view, and explain how you're going to prove that you're in the right.
- Thesis: Here's where you bring in your main point of view. Going with the recycling example, this could be along the lines of 'This city should take up more recycling initiatives, at it can clean up streets and reduce waste by 30%.' This should be backed up by good quality research.
- Opposing claims: Pick the most important claims against your argument, and take them down. Make it clear why they don't work, and show your research.
- Your viewpoint: Then, you'll need to argue for your own viewpoint. Show why your side is the winning one, and why.
- Conclusion: Wrap up your main points, without introducing anything new.
How to Write Argumentative Essay
- Do your research: Go look for research that supports your argument. Take notes, so you can easily reference the best pieces of research easily when you're writing.
- Create an outline: Plan out your essay. Write in your main points, and the points that you're planning to debunk.
- Start writing: Start wherever is easiest, as the order you write in won't matter. Try writing in your introduction last.
- Edit and proofread: Check your essay over before you hand it in, to edit out any easily overlooked mistakes.
Argumentative Essay Topics
Topics for this type of essay can vary a lot, as any subject can use this format. As a rule though, they can often be hot button topics. For example, they could include abortion, border control issues, and the death penalty.
Argumentative Essay Examples
If you want to try writing an argumentative essay yourself, try using one of these example questions:
- 'Should marijuana be legalized in the UK?'
- 'Do children suffer if they only have one parent?'
- 'Are all charities equally deserving?'
Try giving these topics a go, and writing a few argumentative essays yourself. You'll soon have the skills to write great grading essays, every time.
Security of US borders and illegal immigration
Immigration has been a recurring issue in the United States for a very long time. Hanson (2007) defines illegal immigration as the entry of foreign people to a nation without permission from the government of that nation or by violation of the law of nationality in that nation. Many illegal immigrants have been reported to cross the United States borders every year. Such reports have sparked the United States government to pursue an initiative of expanding the power of the government to secure the borders of the nation against illegal immigrants.
For almost a decade now, there have been a large number of illegal immigrants in the United States. This large number has been as a result of lack of or poor border security and a broken immigration system. Border security and immigration must go hand in hand because protecting the borders will help reduce the number of illegal immigrants entering the United States. According to Council of Foreign Relations (2009) the number of illegal immigrants in the United States are more than the number of legal immigrant and an estimated number of fourteen million people live in families whose head are illegal immigrants.
Illegal immigration is caused by different factors. One of them is illegal entry by being smuggled into the country. Another factor is visa overstay. Immigrants come to America with legal visas but they stay in the nation after the visa admission has expired. These immigrants are mostly tourist, visitors and business people. Another factor is the violation of the border crossing card. The United States government has made efforts to put some measures in place to enhance border security and reduce illegal immigration. Passel (2011) explains that the United States government has increased the number of agents doing the border patrol from three thousand agents to twenty one thousand agents.
Use of technology has been very fundamental in these efforts for example sensor cameras, pilotless drones and other technologies have been deployed to prevent illegal crossings and movements at the United States borders. The immigration system has also been improved for example the process of acquiring a visa has been intensified by including interviews, screenings of applicants background and requirements of legal national documents such as a national identity card and birth certificate.
A nation without borders is not a nation. The borders of a country enable it to have control over its resources, people and facilities. It is therefore mandatory for United States to have good border security and control its borders for the purposes of reducing the number of illegal immigrants in the nation.The United States government has made efforts to ensure border security for the purposes of creating a border control system that ensures that only those who are legally allows to enter United States will be able to do so.