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Sense Organs :
- The senses of human beings are hearing, tasting, seeing, touching and smelling.
- The organs that help us here are the ears.
- The organ that helps us taste is the tongue
- The organs that helps us see are the eyes
- The organ that helps us feeling and touching is the skin
- The organ that helps us smell is the nose
Sense Organs : (Short Essay)
We human beings have many organs but there are 5 important organs that connect us with the environment. These organs are called the sensory organs and the 5 senses are hearing, tasting, seeing, touching and smelling. The sensory organ ear helps us to hear. We can listen to different voices and sounds with the help of ears. Tongue is the sensory organs that aid us in tasting and with the help of tongue we can differentiate one food to another. The sensory organ that aids us with vision is the eye and skin is the sensory organ for touch. We can feel cold, heat, contact, and pain with the help of skin. With the help of nose, we can smell of various substances.
Sense Organs : (Brief Essay)
Our environment and surroundings communicate with us but we should be able to understand and comprehend them. The 5 sensory organs of our body help us to get a clear picture on our environment and things happening around us. The 5 senses and their corresponding sensory organs are:
- Taste – Tongue
- Sight – Eyes
- Touch – Skin
- Smell – Nose
- Hear – Ears
Taste: The taste buds of our tongue give us the sense of taste. We can sense 4 separate flavors
Tongue is the strongest muscle of our body. It has the capability to heal back from injury sooner than any other part of your body. Tongue also helps to make a few sounds while we talk.
Sight: The eyes of our body aid us in seeing objects around us. Eyes also help us to differentiate between colors.
Touch: We have sense of touch all over our body. The 4 touch sensations that skin can identify are:
It is a surprising fact that our skin has most of the nerve ending of our body.
Smell: Our nose helps us to smell. We are able to smell with the help of mucous membranes inside of the nose. Nose cleans the air we breathe and we inhale through our nose also.
Hearing: Our ears help us to hear and we have 2 separate parts of ears:
- Inner Ear
- Middle Ear
- Outer Ear
Too much of exposure of anything might damage the respective sensory organ. So, we should learn the limits of exposure before coming into contact with the environment.
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Sight or vision is the ability of the eye to detect and focus on images of visible light with photoreceptors found in the retina of the eye. Electrical nerve impulses are generated for different colors, hues and brightness.
The two types of photoreceptors are rods and cones. Rods are sensitive to light, while cones identify different colors. It is generally agreed that these two receptors are two senses, one sense for color and one for brightness, which together make up the overall sense of sight.
Hearing is a sense that detects the vibrations of sound. Mechanoreceptors in the inner ear in the form of tiny bones and hair-like fibers, turn motion or sound waves from the air into electrical nerve pulses that the brain can then interpret.
The sense of touch is activated by neural receptors such as hair follicles found in the skin, but also pressure receptors on the tongue and throat.
The taste of food, is detected by sensory cells called taste buds located on top of the tongue. There are five basic tastes: sweet, bitter, sour, salty and savoury.
Smell, like taste, is deemed to be a chemical sense. There are hundreds of olfactory receptors or sensory cells in our nasal passage, each of which will bind itself to a different molecular smell feature.
Around 80% of what we think is taste is actually smell. Flavor, is a combination of taste and smell perception. Test this yourself by holding your nose closed the next time you eat something, can you taste it very well? Chances are you can't.
Other perceived human senses are debatable but generally include, the ability to detect temperature, pain, balance and kinesthetic (which is the relative positions of our body parts - test this sense by closing your eyes and touching your nose with a finger).
There are many internal body stimuli that may be perceived as senses too. For example, chemoreceptors for detecting salt and carbon dioxide concentrations in the blood and stretch receptors in the lungs which control our breathing rate.
Compared to animals, humans have a quite weak sense of smell.