MBA (OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT)SEMESTER 3OM 0013
ADVANCED PRODUCTION -4 CREDITS(BOOK ID B1235)ASSIGNMENT - 60 MARKS
Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should beapproximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.
Q1. What is Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS)? How does it help in improving the manufacturingprocess? (Definition of FMS - 1 mark; Characteristics- 2 marks; Explanation of system designed to producecomponents
3 marks; How there is flexibility in the manufacturing process
2 marks; Components of FMS
2 marks) 10 marksAnswer.Definition of FMS
- A system that consists of numerous programmable machine tools connected by an automated
material handling system”.
A flexible manufacturing system (FMS) gives manufacturing firms an advantage in aquickly changing manufacturing environment.
Characteristics of FMS
- There are following characteristics of FMS as:
It is an attempt to solve production problems of mid-volume and mid-variety parts.
It is designed to process several parts in the given mix simultaneously.
It is equipped with sophisticated flexible machine tools
Faster, lower-cost changes from one part to another which will improve capital utilization
Lower direct labor cost, due to the reduction in number of workers.
Reduced inventory, due to the planning and programming precision
Explanation of system designed to produce components
- A Flexible Manufacturing System is one that can bechanged or adapted rapidly to manufacture different products or components at different volumes of production.Flexible manufacturing systems are usually seen at their most efficient when manufacturing components rather thanfinished products.Machine Flexibility: When machines are used to manufacture a variety of products/components this is called
‘machine flexibility’. A good example is a company that
specializes in manufacturing injection molded components.The component design may change very quickly but as long as the mould is updated / modified the injection moldingmachine can still operate. Computers monitor the supply of materials; monitor the operating temperatures and qualitycontrol. Machines of this nature are adaptable and are ideal for FMS.
Flexibility in the manufacturing process
- Flexible manufacturing systems are being designed with other type of processing equipments including inspection stations, assembly works and sheet metal presses. Increasingmanufacturing flexibility is a key strategy for efficiently improving market responsiveness in the face of uncertainfuture product demand.
Components of FMS
In present day application these workstations are typically computer numerical control (CNC)machine tools that perform machining operation on families of parts. The various workstations are
Load and unload stations
Assembly work stations
Sheet metal processing, etc.
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